Getting a Mortgage


A person’s life will involve a number of life-changing milestones, and one of them is buying a home or estate. This is not only an enormous personal change, but it is also a serious financial investment and responsibility, so any new buyer, especially younger, newer homeowners, are strongly urged to understand how and why to finance a brand new home. Mortgage lenders are available to help, but any buyer should know what he or she is getting into in order to get the most out of current mortgage rates and do good business with mortgage companies. What will mortgage lenders offer for buyers, and what do they expect in return? What are the most current mortgage rates? Current mortgage rates may change all the time and may vary among mortgage lenders, but there are general strategies that any borrow can try out.

Home Buyers Today

Doing business with mortgage lenders first means getting a grasp of the current business of home purchases and financing. The growing cost of living is something for new buyers to bear in mind; data from 2016 has shown that while household income has grown 28% over the last 13 years, the cost of living has climbed 30% in that same time period, so good financing skills are more important than ever. Housing is a big source of spending for anyone; the Bureau of Labor Statistics has data from 2016 showing that on average, Americans spend 32.9% of their budgets on housing, and that may include mortgage and rent payments. And among all people looking to buy a home, some 34% of them are new homeowners, according to data gathered from the National Association of Realtors, and may of them are bound to be young adults. What can they do to get the best financing options available?

Mortgage Lenders and You

A homeowner, whether a veteran or a newcomer to the business, is very unlikely to have the funds to fully purchase a home or an estate right away, so instead, financing options can be pursued to get a good mortgage with a fair interest rate. A prospective borrower for a mortgage will have his or her credit score and current income and other spending habits analyzed, and this may affect the loan amount offered and the interest rate. Good credit scores and dependable income will probably result in a generous loan and lower interest rates, but a bad credit score or unreliable income may have the opposite effect, such as high interest rates, and someone might get rejected for a loan altogether. Having one’s credit score and income figured out and managed ahead of time is key for getting a mortgage, and having lower interest rates on that loan.

Once a person has a mortgage loan secured, they will end up with one of two general types: adjustable rate mortgage (ARM), or a fixed rate mortgage, and each of these two types work better for different buyers who have different financial plans to work with. In the case of an adjustable rate mortgage, the interest rate may vary and fluctuate over the course of the loan term, hence the name, although they will start with a period of fixed interest and then shift to a phase where the interest may vary. The phase for fixed interest can vary in length from just one month to 10 years.

Fixed rate mortgages mean that the rate of interest will not change during the loan term, and these loans can be had in 15 or 30 year terms. For a 15 year loan, the interest rate is higher, but the loan is paid off faster, and this lowers the overall amount paid back for the loan while increasing the amount paid each month. This plan may be attractive to borrowers who visit mortgage lenders intending to pay off the debt sooner than later, and they may have high incomes that keep up with this monthly rate. By contrast, a 30 year mortgage reverses all this; the monthly interest and total payment is lower than in a 15 year plan, but since the total loan time is twice as long, the final amount paid back to the mortgage company will be higher than if a 15 year plan had been taken instead.

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